France is a country where your wine is possessed of enormous international prestige and immense pride of its people.
The land of wine!
This history dates back to the Middle Ages when the monks and clerical orders were already manufactured and consumed.
A custom that remained evolved and is present today as a custom rooted in the culture and daily life of the French people.
Although, the many crises that swept the viticulture d France, either for causes natural, like the plague of phylloxera, or caused by man, as the two world wars, the art of cultivation, production, and consumption of wine French remained alive.
Nowadays, thanks to the unshakable tradition, the ingrained culture, and the new techniques implemented in the entire production process, French wines have reached a prominent position in the world market.
For its very high-quality vineyards spread over the four corners of its territory, where the concept of terroir, different types of wines in small land spaces, is a great character.
This concept, p French particularly connected to local communities living and farming cult wine, prints personality to the wines French as the grapes used in their manufacture and the lands where are cultivated and the region’s microclimate.
CHARACTERISTICS specific and unique influence significantly production Vinic it, resulting in a wide range of wines with flavors and unique textures that meet the most different personal tastes.
What brings difficulties to the average consumer, the vast majority of us who are sommeliers, time to choose what french wine you should buy.
What you need to know to make your choices
What you, which is not a great connoisseur of French wines, need to know to make your choices, without having to learn all its complexity, is to differentiate types of wine, the ratings, the grape varieties, the production areas – the terroir.
A basic knowledge that allows you to make good choices.
Types of French Wines
When buying or ordering a French wine to be consumed at a restaurant table, bar table, or counter, choose the type you prefer.
Among the best’s in the world, the red wine of France provides incredible experience s the great variety of textures, flavors, and aromas as the grapes used in their manufacture and the production region.
The s big s differs is that the places among the most popular are its unique features:
- Having c oloração that goes from red-Dark the purple as your region or terroir of origin ;
- They are very fruity ;
- They deliver a slight nuance of astringency to the mouth as they contain tannins with a prominent and balanced incidence.
Now, as each wine red possessed its characteristics, some are lighter and more pronounced acidity than others by the lower presence of tannins in its formulation.
In addition, those who make a special effect to the flavor bypass them per barrels oak before being bottled.
Another feature is the s excellent water capacity to harmonize with various dishes made with different ingredients.
As the wine red, the white francs also is globally valued. This, because France is one of the most famous and leading producers of white wine grapes on the planet, such as Chardonnay, aromatic and medium-bodied produced in the region of Burgundy.
The French also produce white wines with an even lighter body, which stand out for their acidity and freshness, and others with a touch of tropical fruit and a faint vanilla flavor when stored in oak barrels.
The wines that pass by oak barrels make additions of flavor, vanilla aromas, and coconut. In addition to a smoky tone and toasted offering an incredible difference, they are softer, have fewer astringents, and are creamy by the slow and gradual action of oxygen.
The s wine rosé made in the territory French have a wide variety of aromas and flavors fascinating.
Lightness, freshness, light color, vers the til age with different flavors, French rosé wine is a delicious appetizer for any occasion.
The different classifications of French wines
Following are the different classifications, appellations of origin of French wines that you and find printed on the labels :
- Table Wine: Common Wine produced and m range without too much care and with lower cost-benefit;
- Vin de pays: wine common regional;
- Vin délimité de qualité supérieure ( VDQS ) – Superior Quality Delimited Wine : superior quality wines , which undergo a rigorous technical tasting and must follow the criteria of an AOC – Appellation d’Origine Contrôllè. Considered one wine of transition category to be in the process of regulation by the AOC ;
- Appellation d ‘ The Origine Controllè ( AOC ) – Wine controlled designation of origin: Wine quality top that goes through a rigorous identifying control if the origin is the same area spells on the label and to obey the specifications of the law d the region where it was produced.
French grape varieties
Know the main varieties of French grapes, besides the grape Gamay paints, Cabernet Franc and Syrah, and white the Chenin Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanc and Negrette used in the manufactured the wine rosé, among others :
- Cabernet Sauvignon – A red grape with a purple hue and very acidic variety widely produced in the region of Bordeaux, generally used to make full-bodied wines ;
- Chardonnay – The best-known French white grape, largely planted in Burgundy, possessing different flavors ranging from minerals to the most fruity ones ;
- Merlot – typical grape Bordeaux region, which is also produced in other regions of France, particularly along the Mediterranean produces wines mature with moderate acidity ;
- Pinot Noir – With a ruby color, light-body, bright acidity, and light tannins, it is the best red grape in the region of Burgundy that is also found in Alsace ;
- Sauvignon Blanc – a white grape that produces wines with a lower-body with citrus flavors and tones of herbs. Common in the Loire Valley;
- Viognier – a common grape in white Rhône Valley used to produce wines full-bodied, with high content alcohol and peach tones.
The producing regions – The terroir of French wines
To know regions producing the terroir wines in French, you understand the labels and the different characteristics of grapes from blends.
French wines can be cut, also known as Assemblages, which use different mixtures of grape production in the varietal, produced with a variety of grape; compared to rare cutting wines.
The main French wine-producing regions
It is located in northeastern France near the border with Germany, famous for its wine white dry, light and fruity exclusively by the predominance of the cultivation of white grapes.
Its wines are exclusively varietals produced with noble hand-picked grapes, mainly from the Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Sylvaner, and Riesling varieties, the region’s big star for its fruity flavor that harmonizes very well with vegetable soup, oysters, trout, and fresh cheeses.
Located on the Atlantic coast of France, it is the largest and most important producing region of French wines, where 5 5 sub-regions COCs with wineries that production red wine with high quality and two, Sauternes and Barsac are production logs of some of the best white dessert wines from around the world.
It is Saint-Emilion and Saint-estèphe the most famous of the Bordeaux region:
Saint-Emilion, the best known and recognized for its precious wines: The Saint-Emilion, Saint-Emilion grand cru, which can be stored for up to 20 years, Lussac-Saint-Emilion AOC and AOC Puisseguin Saint-émilion ;
Saint-estèphe established the left banks of the Garonne River, which concentrates many appellations of Bordeaux, among them the Saint-estèphe: wine red “raw” red that promise aging up to 50 years, made with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes, Merlot and Cabernet Franc.
The vineyards of Burgundy, located one hour from Lyon, are undoubtedly some of the oldest in France, producing the wines French fine white most famous made with Chardonnay grapes.
It is the sub-region of Chablis, one of the most recognized for its white wines. In its 4,000 hectares of vineyards, a terroir brings together denominations with great prominences such as Chablis, Chablis Premier Cru, Petit Chablis, and the Chablis grand cru that offers high-quality labels.
But Burgundy is not just the producing region of wines white. In its lands, red wines from Pinot Noir grapes are produced, recognized for their lightness and complexity, emphasizing the Romaneé-Conti, one of the most expensive in the world.
Beaujolais Region in Burgundy
A rather peculiar terroir of 55 km, located between Macon and Lyon, produces 14 denominations red, light, and fruity with the Gamay grape.
The best known are the famous Beaujolais Nouveau in red color to be drunk in a maximum of two years from the date of its manufacture, and Saint-Amour, one of the ten “raw wines” of Beaujolais, originating in the north of the region, on the banks of the Saône River, characterized by its aroma of fruits and flowers.
Loire Valley Region
The wineries in the Loire Valley, which stretch for 800 km from the Atlantic coast, west of Nantes, to Vendôme and Blois, produce many star wines of all types.
In the central region, east of Bourges, on 2,770 hectares of vineyards, wines of three types are produced: red, white, and rosé.
The red wines use the Pinot Noir grape, which imparts a long and striking flavor to be tasted immediately upon making and even years after being stored.
Rhône Valley Region
In the Rhône Valley, vineyards stretch for 250 km from north to south, from Lyon to Avignon.
Discover some of the vineyards in the region:
- Hermitage – appears in the select club of the “grands côtes-du-rhône” for the production of red wines from red grapes and white wines with a straw color made from grapes of the Marsanne and Roussane strains ;
- Tavel – Known for the use of numerous strains: Piquepoul, Bourboulenc, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, Syrah, Grenache, among others, for the production of rosé wine ;
- Châteauneuf du Pape – South of the banks of the Rhone, has built its reputation for good wine is red and white.
Ready! You already have good information to start making your choices of french wines.
Now it’s just a matter of proving, proving, and proving.